24 Dec
African-American Athletes

Some lesson plans to use with the groundbreaking “African-American Athletes in Arkansas” in your classroom

I’m pleased to announce that Little Rock School District social studies teachers at the high school and middle school levels plan to incorporate lesson plans based off of African-American Athletes in Arkansas starting in January 2018. As an alum of the district (Jefferson, Pulaski Heights, Central), this means a lot to me. It is a significant first step in the public history mission that inspired me to write the anthology—the first of its kind for any state— in the first place.

Educator Dustin Seaton has written four lesson plans for my book. The first of them is available below, with another lesson plan available here. If you need any help with these, or want me to send you the files separately, contact me at info@heritageofsports.com.

LESSON PLAN 

Created by Dustin Seaton, GT Specialist, NWA ESC

  

  1. Descriptive Data

Teacher: __________________________ Date: _____________________________

Subject Area: _Social Studies/AR History Grade Level: _______7th-12th __________

Unit Title: _AR History/African-American History Lesson Title: Record Keeping vs. Recording History:

Integrate the Record Books

  1. Standards, Goals, & Objectives (National Middle School Association Standards 1, 2, 3, 4, & 5) Standards (list local, state, or national standards which will be met upon completion of this lesson): 

Lesson Goal(s):

  • Engage students in jigsaw presentations to read African-American Athletes in Arkansas
  • Challenge students to present their chapter in a fun and creative way to share with classmates

Lesson Objective(s): AR History (7/8th Grade)

H.7.AH.7-8.8: Analyze social, economic, and political effects of the Civil Rights Movement on various regions in Arkansas from multiple perspectives (e.g., integration, state legislation)

AR History (9-12th Grade)

Era5.5.AH.9-12.4: Analyze the social, economic, and political effects of the Civil Rights Movement in various regions of Arkansas using primary and secondary sources from multiple perspectives

(e.g., segregation; voting; integration of Fayetteville, Hoxie, and Little Rock School Districts; federal and state legislation)

Era6.6.AH.9-12.4: Analyze ways that Arkansans addressed a variety of public issues by using or challenging local, state, national, and international laws

African-American History (9-12)

IE.6.AAH.2: Examine the various influences of African Americans on social change using primary and secondary sources from multiple perspectives (e.g., migration, feminism, military, social organizations)

JU.7.AAH.2: Identify unresolved social, economic, and political challenges for African American men and women from 1970 to the present using a variety of sources representing multiple perspectives

  1. Procedure

Grouping for lesson: ____ whole group __X___ small group __X__ individual

African-American Athletes in Arkansas

Divide the 18 short chapters among individual students. Try giving the longest chapter (“Ali in Arkansas, chapter 18) to a few students. Compare and contrast the summaries of students reading the same chapters independently.

(2_ minutes) SET:

  1. Today, we are going to read an entire book together as a class, but in pieces. You will each play a role in piecing the entire book together similar to a jigsaw puzzle.

(2-3 class periods) Activity: 

  1. Allow students to review the chapters of the book African-American Athletes in Arkansas by Evin Demirel (see attach chart breaking down the chapters into four categories: Football, Basketball, Baseball, and Other

 Students will then choose a chapter to read and present the highlights to the class

based on his/her interest.

  1. Optional: You can also read the “Introduction” as a class as a set. 
  2. Encourage students to be creative in their presentation of their chapter. Students may choose to present as a handout, PowerPoint, speech, photo-montage, etc. Presentations should be 5-10 minutes maximum.

(10-20 minutes) Closure: Individually, ask students to reflect on their own presentation and how they could improve upon it if they were asked to present it again to another class. Likewise, ask students to write a response on what five facts they learned from other student presentations as well as strategies and/or techniques other student presentations utilized to teach their chapter that was creative and memorable.

  1. Assessment of Student Learning

Teacher observation, student feedback, & questions & answers from closure activity.

  1. Modifications for special needs and/or gifted

Student choice in selecting chapters to jigsaw, reading prompt aloud as a class, cooperative learning, open-ended creativity encouraged during presentation format.

  1. Materials & Equipment Needed

Book: African-American Athletes in Arkansas: Muhammad Ali’s Tour, Black Razorbacks, & Other Forgotten Stories by Evin Demirel (ISBN: 978-0-9990083-1-7)

  1. Lesson Extension & Reflection

Ask students to discover ways the book could be jig-sawed together in other ways (i.e. high school, college, and professional breakdowns). Provide bonus points for students who are extra creative in how they present their chapter to the class and/or do additional chapters not covered by a classmate. Students could even be charged with writing a twentieth chapter of another story not included in the book as an extension of this lesson. In other words, researching and writing another chapter of an African-American biography or storyline not already covered in the book.

For a sports-specific extra chapter writing exercise, ask students to think about sports they and their friends play. Are there underrepresented (e.g. not discussed much in media, few videos/stories chronicling the athletes) and/or underfunded athletes or sports today? (Possible responses: hockey (at least in Arkansas), swimming, soccer*, girls sports vs boys [basketball, softball], cheerleading, skateboarding).

Ask “Why do you think this sport is underrepresented?” Write a chapter 20 about one of these sports and some of the socioeconomic and gender/race issues around it.

*Soccer, given its popularity among Latinos, opens up opportunities to discuss socioeconomic/   public history issues as it pertains to the athletic heritage of Hispanics in Arkansas.

07 Nov

Sports & The Arkansas Public History Gap

Arkansas public history

Looking at how past inequities shape the Arkansas public history terrain of today with Tara Carr of KDIV (98.7FM).

Tara Carr, the host of “Tara Talks” KDIV 98.7 FM in Fayetteville, was kind enough to have me on her show recently to discuss some what compels me to dig so deeply into local African-American history through the context of sports. In the interview below, I discuss how inequalities in the early-mid 1900s—namely, the state gave far less money to public all-black schools than public all-white schools—have shaped much of what today’s generations know, and don’t know, of their past.

For example, better funding meant all-white schools could more consistently print annual yearbooks whereas all-black schools could only afford to produce them during certain years—if at all. This is one small reason the heritage of all-black schools is relatively well-chronicled, while huge gaps exist in the public history of black communities.

I want my book and interviews like these (and my talk at the Clinton School of Public Service) to help spur the launching of a public history project chronicling the heritage of all-black schools. This wouldn’t be sports-centric. It would start out as a simple online locator map of every all-black high school in the state with some basic info, and slowly fill in with details as we crowdsource material (e.g. scanned images of the schools themselves, pages from yearbooks, newspaper snippets). The Butler Center’s George West is very interested in coordinating with his Arkansas History Hub on this front, so we’ll see if we can make that happen.

For more info, reach out to me at evindemirel@gmail.com.